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开发工具 Xcode

开发工具 Xcode v12.1

2019-07-23更新
Xcode 是用于构建 Mac OS X 及 iOS 应用程序的完整工具集 - Xcode 4 的工具经过重新设计,它们的性能更优秀、使用更容易,能带给用户前所未有的助益。
Xcode 是用于构建 Mac OS X 及 iOS 应用程序的完整工具集 - Xcode 4 的工具经过重新设计,它们的性能更优秀、使用更容易,能带给用户前所未有的助益。Xcode IDE 能够理解所有的工程细节,可以识别代码中的语法及逻辑错误,甚至能够帮助您修正代码中的错误。 简言之,Xcode 4 能够帮助您编写更好的代码。

Xcode 4 具有全新的用户界面,而且它赖以构建的技术也得到了充分的验证。一方面,苹果公司自身就是通过这些技术构建 Mac OS X 以及 iOS;再者,开发者利用这些技术已生产出超过 25 万个 Mac OS X 及 iOS 应用程序。

Xcode includes everything developers need to create great applications for Mac, iPhone, iPad, Apple TV, and Apple Watch. Xcode provides developers a unified workflow for user interface design, coding, testing, and debugging. The Xcode IDE combined with the Swift programming language make developing apps easy and fun.

Xcode includes the Xcode IDE, Swift and C/C++/Objective-C compilers, Instruments analysis tool, simulators, the latest SDKs, and hundreds of powerful features:

Innovative tools help you create great apps
• Swift is an intuitive programming language that is safe, fast, and modern
• SwiftUI is a revolutionary new framework to create user interfaces with a declarative Swift syntax
• Playgrounds are a fun way to experiment and interact with Swift code
• View debugging shows a 3D stack of all your app's UI view layers at runtime
• Split editors in virtually unlimited ways, show previews, or choose an assistant to see related content
• Live Issues display errors as you type, and Fix-its improve your code with just a click
• Source control navigator and service integrations help you manage code across a team

SwiftUI and Interface Builder make it easy to design your interface
• SwiftUI uses declarative Swift code that clearly describes your interface
• Design canvas graphically builds UI views using the library of controls and modifyers
• Preview SwiftUI code or UIKit interfaces in different screen sizes, orientations, and font sizes
• SwiftUI code is always in perfect sync with the graphical design canvas and previews
• Animations are built using simple commands that describe the action you want to see

Professional editor and debugger keep your code front and center
• Refactoring makes it easy to modify the structure of Swift, Objective-C, C, and C++ code
• Open Quickly instantly opens any file within your project
• Data tips and Quick Look can inspect a variable by hovering your mouse over code while debugging
• Third-party app extensions can add new capabilities to the source editor

Test driven development is built right in
• Use the Test Navigator to add, edit, or run unit tests or user interface tests with just a click
• Test Assistant makes it easy to edit your code and related tests, side-by-side
• Create continuous integration bots to build and test on a server Mac running Xcode

Instruments for performance analysis
• Compare CPU, disk, memory, and GPU performance as graphical tracks over time
• Identify performance bottlenecks, then dive deep into the code to uncover the cause
• Analyze your app directly, or sample the entire system with very little overhead
• Create custom instruments with unique visualizations to analyze your own code and frameworks

To test or run applications on an iPhone, iPad, Apple TV, or Apple Watch all you need is a free Apple ID. To submit your apps to the App Store you must be a member of the Apple Developer Program. Some features may require Internet access.Xcode 12.1 includes Swift 5.3 and SDKs for iOS 14.1, iPadOS 14.1, tvOS 14, watchOS 7, and macOS Catalina

Platform features
• App Clips are a small part of your app that’s discoverable at the moment it’s needed, loads in seconds, and launches quickly
• WidgetKit uses SwiftUI to build beautiful new widgets that users can install directly on their iPhone home screen
• StoreKit testing framework and transaction manager make it easy to test and debug in-app purchases

Refined user interface
• Document tabs open any type of document in a lightweight editor tab, including logs, asset catalogs, and UI files
• Navigator fonts are now resizable based on the system setting, or can be manually configured
• Code completion has a new, simplified interface that is faster, and makes it easier to choose the correct code
• Organizer is completely redesigned, and reports new app metrics such as hitches in animation and scrolling

Swift and SwiftUI
• Performance for SwiftUI has been improved throughout, and new Lazy views can efficiently handle enormous data sets
• SwiftUI Views can be turned into reusable components that appear in the Xcode library and in code completions
• Swift Package Manager supports resources and localizations, making it great for sharing SwiftUI components
• Swift compiler’s improved diagnostics make it much easier to understand coding mistakes, especially in SwiftUI code
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